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Traumatic Brain Injury

Dr. Cardenas of Barrow.Traumatic brain injury occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain, either from an object hitting the head or piercing the skull and entering brain tissue. Approximately 2.3 million Americans sustain a TBI each year from car accidents, falls, sports accidents, domestic violence and other causes.

Funding is needed for evaluation tools to determine each patient’s severity of injury; for translational research projects into traumatic brain injuries; and for outreach to decrease the incidence of traumatic brain injury in our community.

TBI is the leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults. The majority of TBI symptoms—loss of consciousness, headache, confusion, dizziness, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, fatigue, sleep problems, behavioral or mood changes, and trouble with memory, concentration or thinking—resolve within three months, but some patients have long-term consequences and require neuropsychological monitoring and neurorehabilitation.

Barrow Neurological Institute offers a number of programs designed to prevent, treat and rehabilitate traumatic brain injuries. Among them are the following:

  • Barrow Concussion and Brain Injury Center, the first program of its kind in the nation, offers comprehensive, compassionate, cutting-edge treatment and rehabilitation to victims of traumatic brain and spinal cord injury. A team of specialists works with patients to maximize their recovery, and an educator is available to provide children and their families with the tools needed to return to school. The center collaborates with the Brain Injury Association of Arizona and Arizona State University in conducting translational research into traumatic brain injury.

  • The Barrow Concussion Network seeks to increase awareness of mild traumatic brain injury (concussion) and decrease the frequency and seriousness of concussions in student athletes throughout Arizona. Members of the network are the Barrow Concussion and Traumatic Brain Injury Center, the Arizona Interscholastic Association, the Arizona Cardinals, the Brain Injury Alliance of Arizona, AT Still University and Arizona State University. Current initiatives include Barrow Brainbook, an e-learning module about concussion for adolescents, and Junior Brainbook, a similar online program for younger students; Barrow Brainbook Concussion Registry, a database of information about children who have suffered a concussion; ImPACT Testing, which provides baseline information and objective measures of recovery through pre- and post-concussion testing; and Concussion Consultation.

  • The Lou and Evelyn Grubb Children’s Center for Lifespan Neuropsychological Rehabilitation offers a wide range of services to children and adults who have suffered a brain injury or disorder.Treatments at the center include initial and ongoing neuropsychological assessment, cognitive rehabilitation, academic tutoring, psychotherapy, behavioral modification and friendship training. The center also conducts research designed to improve care for patients. George Prigatano, PhD, is the director of the center.

Learn how your support of Barrow Brain Ball will help Barrow Neurological Institute launch a new soccer app to teach children about concussion prevention and safety.  

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